International Maritime Organization, IMO

International Maritime Organization of the United Nations

The International Maritime Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for the safety of maritime navigation and the prevention of marine pollution from ships. Its headquarters is located in London, United Kingdom. The organization was first established on January 6, 1959, formerly known as "Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization". In May 1982 it was renamed the International Maritime Organization. The role of the International Maritime Organization (referred to as IMO) is to create a fair and effective regulatory framework for the shipping industry, which is generally adopted and implemented. This covers aspects including ship design, construction, equipment, staffing, operation and treatment, etc. to ensure safety, environmental protection, energy saving and safety in these aspects.

 

Organization  name:    International Maritime Organization

Established:    January 6, 1959

Headquarters:    London, England

Original name:    Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization

Member:    174 members (September 2019)

Official website:    http://www.imo.org/



    History of IMO

    In the mid-19th century, some countries proposed that a permanent international agency should be established to promote maritime security more effectively, but these desires were not realized until the establishment of the United Nations itself.

    In 1948, a convention was adopted at the Geneva International Conference to formally establish the International Maritime Organization, the Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization.

    In 1958, the relevant conventions of the International Maritime Organization entered into force and the new organization met for the first time.

    The global search and rescue system was launched in the 1970s, and the establishment of the International Mobile Satellite Organization greatly improved the broadcast and other information provided by ships.

    In 1978, the 1007 amendments to the International Convention standard training, certification and duty seafarers entered into force.

    Greatly improve the standards of seafarers, give the International Maritime Organization itself the power to check government actions and parties need to submit information to the IMO regarding their compliance with the agreement.

    The main amendments and codes of the STCW Convention were completed in 2010, using the "Manila Amendment STCW Convention and Code".

    The Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) was adopted in 1988 and has been phased in since 1992.

    On July 1, 1998, it became an international safety management code applicable to passenger ships, oil and chemical tankers, bulk carriers, natural gas operators and cargo high-speed processes of 500 gross tons and above.

    In February 1999, the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) became fully operational, ensuring that ships can be assisted almost anywhere in the world in distress. Even if the crew has no time to broadcast for help, the news will be automatically disseminated.

    On July 1, 2002, other cargo ships and mobile offshore drilling units of 500 gross tonnage and above began.

    In the 2000s, a new and comprehensive international shipping safety mechanism, including the international Ship and port facility safety (ISP) codes, which took effect in July 2004, which was focused on maritime safety, was made mandatory under the amendments adopted by SOLAS in 2002 .

    In 2005, the International Maritime Organization adopted the amendments to the Convention to suppress the illegal conduct (SUA) of the safety of maritime navigation, 1988 and its related agreements (2005 and Sua agreement), and in other matters, the introduction of a contract.

    The desire for rights is on the banner of another Contracting State on the ship, when the requesting party has sufficient reason to suspect that the ship, or a person is on the ship, or a crime stipulated in the forthcoming committee convention.

    International Maritime Organization

    "International Maritime Organization (IMO)" as a special UN agency, his mission is to promote shipping safety, environmental protection, efficiency and sustainability through cooperation.

    The realization of the mission depends on adopting the highest feasible and unified standard. These standards mainly include maritime safety, navigation efficiency, ship pollution prevention and control, consideration of relevant legal issues and effective implementation of IMO documents.


    What is the purpose International Maritime Organization?

    The purpose of the organization is to promote shipping technical cooperation among countries, encourage countries to promote maritime safety, improve ship navigation efficiency, prevent and control ships from marine pollution, adopt unified standards, and deal with related legal issues.

    Organizational structure

    Main institutions

    Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization: Guan Shuikang (Japan)

    Secretary-General Hou: Lin Jize (South Korea, took over on January 1, 2016)

    The International Maritime Organization has five conferences and a council, as well as five committees and a secretariat for maritime safety, law, environmental protection, technical cooperation, and transportation.

    The General Assembly is the highest authority, held every two years. Its task is to elect members, formulate work plans and financial budgets, and discuss technical and legal issues within the scope of the organization ’s mandate.

    Internal structure

    Maritime Safety Committee (MSC)

    MSC is the highest technical organization of the organization. It consists of all member states. The function of the maritime safety committee is to “consider any vessel related to navigation equipment, construction and equipment within the scope of the organization.

    In addition, the committee also needs to provide machinery to perform any duties assigned to it by the International Maritime Organization Convention or any obligations that may be undertaken in its work It is assigned to it or accepted in any international instruments and organizations.

    It is also responsible for considering and submitting recommendations and guidelines for possible safety conferences.

    Marine Environmental Protection Committee ((MEPC))

    Any issue considered by all member states and authorized organizations is related to prevention and control of ship pollution. In particular, it is concerned with adopting and amending the conventions and other regulations and measures to ensure their implementation.

    In 1985, the Marine Environmental Protection Committee was upgraded to a full constitutional status.

    • Subcommittee (SC)
    • Subcommittee Human Factors, Training and Watchkeeping (HTW)
    • Implementation of the IMO Instrument Subcommittee (III)
    • Subcommittee on Navigation, Communications and Search and Rescue (NCSR)
    • Pollution Prevention and Response Subcommittee (PPR)
    • Ship Design and Construction Subcommittee (SDC)
    • Subcommittee on Ship Systems and Equipment (SSE)
    • Cargo transportation subcommittee and container (CCC)
    • As of 2013, member institutions of the International Maritime Organization:
    • Bulk liquids and gases (BLG)
    • Dangerous goods transportation, solid goods and containers (DSC)
    • Ire (FP)
    • Radio communications and search and rescue (COMSAR)
    • Safe navigation (net worth)
    • Ship Design and Equipment (Reverse)
    • Stability and load line and fishing vessel safety (now)
    • Standard training and duty (STW)
    • Flag State Realization (FSI)
    • International Maritime Law Institute (IMLI)

    The International Maritime Law Institute was established in Malta by the International Maritime Organization in 1988 to ensure that sufficient experts in maritime law can assist in the implementation and enforcement of international maritime law. Developing countries.

    The Institute provides suitable qualified candidates, especially from developing countries, with advanced facilities for advanced training, learning and research of international maritime law. Special emphasis was placed on the adoption of international regulations by the International Maritime Organization.


    Operation mode of International Maritime Organization

    GloBallast project

    The actions of the International Maritime Organization and other international entities respond to global threats to the health of the world’s oceans, and by further improving the transportation environment and sustainable socioeconomic development, reduce the negative impact on marine ecosystems.

    This project helps developing countries and their shipping industry to prepare for the implementation of the 2004 International Convention on the Control and Management of Ship Ballast Water and Sediments. In addition, it also helps the shipping industry overcome technical challenges through the Global Industry Alliance (GIA) and promotes global efforts to solve the most difficult problems facing the shipping industry.


    Maritime safety

    The International Maritime Organization has also developed and adopted international seafarer collision regulations and global standards, as well as relevant international conventions and regulations for search and rescue, the convenience of international maritime traffic, load lines, dangerous goods transportation and tonnage measurement.

    The comprehensive mandatory safety system for international shipping took effect on July 1, 2004, reflecting the international ship and port facility safety codes (isp codes), which contain detailed safety-related requirements for the government, port authorities and shipping companies in a mandatory part (part) , Together with a series of guidelines on how to meet these needs, non-mandatory part (Party B).


    Organization Members International Maritime Organization

    There are 40 members of the International Maritime Organization Council, which are divided into A, B and C categories. Among them, 10 category A directors are major shipping countries.

    The Council is the executive body of the International Maritime Organization.

    It is responsible for managing the organization’s work under the leadership of the General Assembly and performs all the functions of the General Assembly between the two conferences.

    Ten Class B directors are the countries with the largest maritime trade volume, and 20 Class C directors are regional representatives.

    The Council is an important decision-making body of the organization. The organization holds a conference every two years to re-elect the council and chairman. The elected chairman and the board of directors will serve for two years.

    China resumed its membership in the International Maritime Organization in 1973.

    At the 16th Congress in 1989, China was elected as a Class A member and has been re-elected to this day.


    Main activities of International Maritime Organization

    i. Formulate and revise conventions on maritime safety, prevent marine pollution by ships, facilitate maritime transportation, improve navigation efficiency and maritime responsibilities related to them;

    ii. Exchange the practical experience and maritime reports of the above-mentioned relevant parties;

    iii. Meet


    Member States provide information and scientific reports on issues studied by the organization;

    iv. Provide certain technical assistance to developing countries with funds provided by international organizations such as the United Nations Development Program and donations from donor countries.

    As of the end of 1984, there were 30 conventions, rules and protocols formulated and maintained by the International Maritime Organization, of which 24 have entered into force.


    Maritime Ambassador

    On June 15, 2015, the International Maritime Organization announced the first list of maritime ambassadors on its official website. Mr. Xu Zuyuan, the former deputy minister of the Ministry of Transport and the current chairman of the China Maritime Society, and Ms. Desrosiers Senatus from Haiti won this award.

    The first maritime ambassador was appointed by IMO Secretary-General Lin Jize.

    This position aims to promote the attractiveness of maritime and nautical professions and increase the public's enthusiasm for choosing nautical and related maritime professions.

    Secretary-General Lin Jize congratulated Mr. Xu Zuyuan and Ms. Desrosiers Senatus on their appointments, said that their work will undoubtedly strive to promote the enthusiasm of the public for nautical professions, "IMO Maritime Ambassador will be committed to calling and driving young people actively participate in maritime-related activities, and IMO will also publish relevant results on social media. "

    Convention amendment

    Convention and its amendments-effective date

    (1) Internation Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (1974, amended in 1974 (SOLAS)) May 25, 1980

    (2) Protocol of 1978 to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS PROT (amended) 1978) May 1, 1981

    (3) 1988 Protocol to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS PROT (HSSC) 1988) February 3, 2002

    (4) Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, as amended (COLREGS (amended) 1972) July 15, 1977

    (5) 1973 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL (amended) 71/78) October 2, 1983

    (6) Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic, 1965, as amended (FAL (amended) 1965), March 5, 1967

    (7) 1966 International Convention on Load Lines (1966 (LL 1966)) July 21, 1968

    (8) Protocol of 1988 to the International Load Line Convention of 1966 (LL PROT (HSSC) 1988) January 1, 2005

    (9) 1969 International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships (1969 (TONNAGE 1969)) July 18, 1982

    (10) 1969 International Convention relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties (1969 (INTERVENTION 1969)) May 6, 1975

    (11) 1973 International Protocol to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by substances other than Oil, 1973, as amended (INTERVENTION PROT (amended) 1973) March 30, 1983 day

    (12) 1969 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969 (CLC 1969)) June 19, 1975

    (13) Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1976) April 8, 1981

    (14) 1992 Protocol to the 1969 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (CLC PORT 1992) May 30, 1996

    (15) Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement 1971 (STP 1971) January 2, 1974

    (16) Protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships (1973 (SPACE STP 1973)) June 2, 1977

    (17) Convention relating to Civil Liability in the Field of Maritime Carriage of Nuclear Material (1971 (NUCLEAR 1971)) July 15, 1975

    (18) International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (1971 (FUND 1971)), October 16, 1978

    (19) 1971 Protocol to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Compensation Fund for Oil Pollution Damage (1976)

    (20) The 1971 Protocol to the International Convention on the Establishment of the International Oil Pollution Damage Compensation Fund (FUND PROT 1992) May 30, 1996

    (21) 1972 International Convention for Safe Container (1972, as amended (CSC (amended) 1972)) September 6, 1977

    (22) Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea (1974 (PAL 1976)) April 28, 1987

    (23) Protocol of 1976 to the Athens Convention on Sea Passengers and Baggage, 1976 (PALPORT 1976) April 30, 1989

    (24) The 1974 Protocol to the Athens Convention on Sea Passengers and Baggage (PAL PORT 1990) has not yet entered into force

    (25) Convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT), as amended (INMARSAT C (amended)) July 16, 1979

    (26) Operating Agreement on the International Maritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT), as amended (INMARSAT OA (amended)) July 16, 1979

    (27) Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims (1976 (LLMC 1976)) December 1, 1986

    (28) The 1996 Protocol to the 1976 Liability Limitation Convention on Maritime Claims (LLMC PROT 1996) has not yet entered into force

    (29) The Torremolinos Convention on the Safety of International Fishing Vessels, 1977, Torremolinos Protocol 1993 (SFV PROT 1993) has not yet entered into force

    (30) 1978 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended (STCW (amended) 1978)) April 28, 1984

    (31) The 1995 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel (STCW-F) has not yet entered into force in 1995

    (32) 1979 International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (1979 (SAR 1979)) June 22, 1985

    (33) 1988 Convention for the suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA 1988) March 1, 1992

    (34) Protocol to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA PROT 1988), March 1, 1992

    (35) International Convention on Salvage, 1989 (SALVAGE 1989) July 14, 1996

    (36) 1990 International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (1990 (OPRC 1990)) May 13, 1995

    (37) 1996 International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 (HNS 1996)) Not yet in force

    (38) The 1993 International Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages (1993, adopted at the UN / IMO Congress) has not yet entered into force

    (39) Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972, as amended (LC (amended) 1972) August 30, 1975


    Related festivals of IMO

    World Maritime Day

    "World Maritime Day" is an important event of the International Maritime Organization, which first appeared in 1978.

    March 17, 1978 coincided with the twentieth anniversary of the entry into force of the International Maritime Organization Convention.

    In November 1977, the 10th General Assembly of the International Maritime Organization passed a resolution, deciding that March 17th will be "World Maritime Day" every year, and March 17th, 1978 will become the first World Maritime Day.

    In November 1979, the 11th General Conference of the International Maritime Organization revised this resolution to consider that the climate in September is more suitable for maritime activities, so the future World Maritime Day will be changed to a day in the last week of September.


    "World Maritime Day" is determined by the International Maritime Organization. In the last week of September each year, governments of all countries hold a celebration day of their own choice to draw people's attention to ship safety, the marine environment and the International Maritime Organization.

    Every year, the Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization of the Ocean Day prepares a special announcement, proposing topics that require special attention.

    China's Navigation Day

    On April 25, 2005, the State Council approved the "Decision to start from 2005 on July 11

    "Navigation Day", also as the implementation date of "World Maritime Day" in China "," Navigation Day "has since become a government-led, universal participation, national legal activity day.

    As of 2013, nautical day has been in Shanghai , Qingdao, Shandong, and Taicang, Jiangsu held three commemorative nautical days.


    Development trend

    Through the tracking of the issues of the IM0 Maritime Safety Committee in recent years, it has been found that there are roughly three obvious trends in the development of the IM0 Maritime Safety Convention, including:

    1) From passive response to active prevention and control

    Throughout the revision history of the IMO maritime safety conventions, it can be found that they are almost all closely related to major shipwrecks and major oil pollution accidents.

    Although this passive response to the modification of the convention based on accident investigation and experience summary has also played a positive role in ensuring maritime safety.

    The international maritime community is not satisfied with the status quo, especially the United States, the European Union and other countries often use this as a Under the pretext of separate legislation, the trend of unilateral legislation has intensified.

    Based on the dual consideration of ensuring the safety of maritime navigation and maintaining its authority in the international maritime community, IMO began to think about the policy of proactive response.

    The proposal of FSA changed IMO's response to ship accidents from passive response to active prevention and control.

    Estimate the probability of the accident before the accident, and use this as a basis to determine the optimal allocation of resources to avoid accidents or reduce accidents.

    The probability of occurrence provides a basis for the formulation or modification of the convention by weighing the costs of risk control and the benefits generated.

    Because countries have different estimates and understandings of risks, the FSA provides a way for countries to fully consider the overall impact of the amendment of the convention on the shipping community and help all parties reach consensus.

    2) Encourage technological innovation in ship design and construction

    The introduction of GBS in IMO has made the means of meeting the requirements of IMO maritime safety conventions no longer so simple.

    The maritime community will change from passively accepting international standards to actively setting target-oriented ship construction standards.

    After the GBS comes into effect, the ship's standards will be unified, and the ways to reach this standard are diversified. The classification society regulations and ship standards need to be submitted to IMO by the classification society, and the IMO determines that it meets the GBS requirements, that is, it can meet the safety goals and functional requirements set by the IMO before it can be promoted as an international standard globally.

    In the process of complying with GBS, only by grasping the connotation and core technology of GBS can we participate in international competition. Shipbuilding enterprises whose shipbuilding technology does not meet the requirements of GBS will be eliminated by the market.

    All these will prompt shipyards, marine equipment manufacturers, etc. to increase research and development efforts, and to innovate ship design and construction technologies to expand their market share.

    3) Emphasize the application of human factor theory in maritime legislation

    In the 21st century, the shipping industry's attention to the human factor has reached an unprecedented height. How the requirements of the mandatory maritime safety, security and anti-pollution conventions developed by international organizations depend on seafarers.

    In some regions and countries, the shortage of seafarers has led to the imbalance between supply and demand.

    The issues related to human factors are related to human factors. To meet the needs of environmental protection, IMO has gradually increased its attention to the human factor.

    Not only reflected in the ISM rules and maritime investigation rules formulated by IMO, but also reflected in the IMO technical institutions-the Maritime Safety Committee and the Maritime Environmental Protection Committee, the code of conduct, namely "Marine Safety Committee and Maritime Environmental Protection Committee and its subordinate organizations and work Method Guidelines.

     

    United Nations-Main Organization

    ▪ International Labour Organization (1946)

    ▪ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1946)

    ▪ United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (1946)

    ▪ World Health Organization (1948)

    ▪ World Bank

    ▪ International Monetary Fund (1947)

    ▪ International Civil Aviation Organization (1947)

    ▪ International Maritime Organization

    ▪ International Telecommunication Union (1947)

    ▪ Universal Postal Union (1978)

    ▪ World Meteorological Organization (1951)

    ▪ World Intellectual Property Organization (1974)

    ▪ International Atomic Energy Agency (1957)


    Types of ships and ship surveys, international conventions and certificates

    ▪ Ship engineering ▪ Ship ▪ Boat ▪ Raft

    ▪ warships ▪ combat ships ▪ surface combat ships ▪ aircraft carriers

    ▪ Cruiser ▪ Destroyer ▪ Frigate ▪ Frigate

    ▪ Submarine hunting ▪ Missile speed boat ▪ Torpedo speed boat ▪ Minebreaker

    ▪ Mine-sweeping ships ▪ Mine-hunting ships ▪ Mine-laying ships ▪ Landing warships

    ▪ Landing ship ▪ Landing boat ▪ Submarine [water] boat ▪ Conventional submarine

    ▪ Nuclear submarine


    Other technical terms of Maritime

    Ocean Technology

    ▪ Integrated marine management ▪ Marine industry management ▪ Marine rights management ▪ Marine resources management

    ▪ Marine environment management ▪ Sea area use management ▪ Coastal zone management ▪ Integrated coastal zone management

    ▪ Marine strategy ▪ Marine policy ▪ Marine development planning ▪ Marine functional area

    ▪ Marine functional zoning ▪ Sea area use rights ▪ Sea area paid use system ▪ Sea area use certificate

    ▪ Marine space utilization ▪ Marine environmental impact prediction ▪ Marine environmental assessment ▪ Marine environmental assessment system

    ▪ Marine environmental impact assessment ▪ Marine environmental impact assessment outline ▪ Marine environmental impact assessment report ▪ Marine environmental impact assessment report

    ▪ Ocean dumping area ▪ Ocean dumping permit system ▪ General permit ▪ Special permit

    ▪ Emergency permit ▪ Waste classification ▪ Marine incineration ▪ Anti-pollution area

    ▪ Prevention and control of land-based pollution ▪ Liability for compensation for pollution damage ▪ Marine environmental protection legal system ▪ Marine nature reserve


    Other technical terms

    Fishing vessels and fishing machinery

    ▪ Fishing boat ▪ Auxiliary fishing vessel ▪ Fishing vessel ▪ Large fishing vessel

    ▪ Medium fishing boat ▪ Small fishing boat ▪ Marine fishing boat ▪ Freshwater fishing boat

    ▪ Ocean fishing vessels ▪ Coastal fishing vessels ▪ Trawler fishing vessels ▪ Single tow fishing vessels

    ▪ Double towed fishing boat ▪ Tail towed fishing boat ▪ Side towed fishing boat ▪ Truss towed fishing boat

    ▪ Shrimp trawler ▪ Tail trawl trawler ▪ Bottom trawler ▪ Intermediate trawler

    ▪ Trawler fishing boat ▪ Seine fishing boat ▪ Single boat seine fishing boat ▪ Double boat seine fishing boat

    ▪ Taiwei fishing boat ▪ Light-fishing fish purse seine boat ▪ Light-fishing fish purse seine boat group ▪ [Lure fish] light boat

    ▪ Seine fishing boat ▪ Fishing boat ▪ Fishing raft ▪ Tuna purse fishing boat

     

    Other technical terms

    ▪ Net fishing boat ▪ Drift net fishing boat ▪ Rod fishing boat ▪ Rope fishing boat

    ▪ Hand fishing boat ▪ Longline fishing boat ▪ Squid fishing boat ▪ Fishing boat

    ▪ Fishing stern ▪ Recreational fishing vessel ▪ Fixed net fishing vessel ▪ Various operation fishing vessels

    ▪ Towed and doubled as a fishing boat ▪ Mother-child fishing boat ▪ Whaling boat ▪ Caizhen boat

    ▪ Hunting and fishing boats ▪ Breeding work boats ▪ Fresh-keeping vessels ▪ Live fish transport vessels

    ▪ Cold seawater fresh-keeping transport ship ▪ Fishery guidance ship ▪ Fishery administration ship ▪ Refrigerated transport ship

    ▪ Fishery rescue ship ▪ Fishery survey ship ▪ Fishery training ship ▪ Fishery processing ship

    ▪ Fishing and processing fishing boat ▪ Fishery base boat ▪ Crab working boat ▪ Whale working boat

    ▪ Fishery supply vessel ▪ Fishing port supervision boat ▪ Motorized fishing vessel ▪ Non-motorized fishing vessel

    ▪ Machine sail fishing boat ▪ Sail fishing boat ▪ Steel [quality fishing] boat ▪ Wooden [quality fishing] boat

    ▪ Aluminum alloy fishing boat ▪ Glass fiber reinforced plastic fishing boat ▪ Wire mesh cement fishing boat ▪ Catamaran fishing boat

    ▪ Double deck fishing boat ▪ [Ship] main scale ▪ Captain ▪ Total length of [ship]

    ▪ Ship depth ▪ Ship width ▪ Maximum ship width ▪ Draft

    ▪ Design draught ▪ Full load draught ▪ Tonnage ▪ Registered ton

    ▪ Gross tonnage ▪ Net tonnage ▪ Displacement ▪ Waterline

    ▪ Freeboard ▪ [ship] stability ▪ tilt test ▪ ship sway

    ▪ Rolling period ▪ Re-stabilization distance ▪ Initial re-stability distance ▪ Maneuverability

    ▪ Wave resistance ▪ Seaworthiness ▪ Endurance ▪ Ship vibration

    ▪ Shock absorber ▪ [Shaft] torsional vibration ▪ Watertight ▪ Wind and raintight [Property]

    ▪ Ship type ▪ [Ship] general layout ▪ Hull ▪ Hull structure

    ▪ Outfitting ▪ Outfitting number ▪ Outfitting equipment ▪ Hull line

    ▪ Flag state ▪ Home port ▪ Load line ▪ [Hull] skeleton

    ▪ Longitudinal framework ▪ Horizontal framework ▪ Cabin ▪ Superstructure

    ▪ Deck house ▪ Engine room ▪ Fishing boat power unit ▪ Propulsion unit

    ▪ Main unit ▪ Rated power ▪ [Main unit] rated power ▪ Continuous power

    ▪ [Host] speed ▪ Rated speed ▪ Supercharger ▪ Speed ​​governor

    ▪ Open cooling system ▪ Closed cooling system ▪ Clutch ▪ Gear box

    ▪ Shaft system ▪ Intermediate shaft ▪ Tail shaft ▪ Propeller

    ▪ Propeller ▪ Variable pitch propeller ▪ Duct propeller ▪ Ship auxiliary machinery

    ▪ Bilge pumps ▪ Piping system ▪ Ship piping system ▪ Oil-water separation equipment

    ▪ Deck machinery ▪ Anchor ▪ Anchor chain ▪ [From] windlass

    ▪ Mooring ▪ Mooring device ▪ Mast ▪ Hanging [cargo] pole

    ▪ Rudder ▪ Steering device ▪ Side [direction] push [force] device ▪ Anti-roll device

    ▪ Outboard outboard ▪ Ship electrical equipment ▪ Safety equipment ▪ Lifesaving equipment

    ▪ [ship] fire fighting equipment ▪ radio communication equipment ▪ global maritime distress and safety system ▪ navigation equipment

    ▪ Global positioning system ▪ Satellite navigation system ▪ Satellite navigation equipment ▪ Signal equipment

    ▪ Fish cabin ▪ Ice cabin ▪ Refrigerated fish cabin ▪ Live fish cabin

    ▪ Cold saltwater fish tank ▪ Processing deck ▪ Pre-cooling room ▪ Freezing room

    ▪ Fish processing room ▪ Catch processing room ▪ Fish meal tank ▪ Fish oil tank

    ▪ Fishing gear cabins ▪ Net cabins ▪ Cold water cabins ▪ Bait cabins

    ▪ Fishing deck ▪ Ice holes ▪ Tail slides ▪ Slide gates

    ▪ Hanging net door frame ▪ Rear-turn tail gate ▪ Traction pulley ▪ Spring hook

    ▪ Traction beam lock ▪ Net plate frame ▪ Floor guide pulley ▪ Hidden cable groove

    ▪ Side guide pulleys ▪ Outboard bracing ▪ Bracket boom ▪ Net

    ▪ Tail rollers ▪ Rotating nets ▪ Main line ducts ▪ Main line guide pulleys

    ▪ Branch line transmission device ▪ Rod fishing platform ▪ Coiling device ▪ Fishing rod box

    ▪ Bait cabinet ▪ Water change hole ▪ Spray device ▪ Whaling turret

    ▪ Whale hole ▪ Ship age ▪ Mooring test ▪ Sea trial

    ▪ Trial catch ▪ Fishing boat inspection ▪ Fishing boat construction specifications ▪ [Ship] Statutory inspection

    ▪ [Ship] Classification survey ▪ [Ship] Fair survey ▪ [Ship] Initial survey ▪ [Ship] Regular survey

    ▪ [Ship] Annual survey ▪ [Ship] Renewal survey ▪ [Ship] Interim survey ▪ [Ship] Interim survey

    ▪ Marine product inspection ▪ International Maritime Organization ▪ International Convention on the Safety of Life at Sea ▪ International Convention on Ship Load Lines

    ▪ International maritime collision avoidance regulations ▪ International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships ▪ International Convention on the Prevention of Pollution from Ships ▪ Protocol to the 1993 International Convention on the Safety of Fishing Vessels

    ▪ International fishing vessel safety certificate ▪ International ship load line certificate ▪ Exemption certificate ▪ International tonnage certificate

    ▪ International oil pollution prevention certificate ▪ Ship nationality certificate ▪ International domestic sewage pollution prevention certificate ▪ Fishing vessel inspection certificate

    ▪ Fishery machinery ▪ Fishing machinery ▪ [Fishing machinery] pulling force ▪ [Fishing machinery] nominal pulling force

    ▪ Nominal tension of the winch ▪ Reeling speed ▪ Nominal speed ▪ Rope capacity

    ▪ Conversion factor of the amount of rope capacity ▪ The amount of net capacity ▪ Cross section of the net ▪ Upward outline

    ▪ Downward outline ▪ Rope angle ▪ Winding diameter ▪ Reel

    ▪ Friction drum wheel ▪ Roller ▪ Groove wheel ▪ Stranding machine

    ▪ Mechanical drive winch ▪ Electric winch ▪ Hydraulic winch ▪ Winch

    ▪ Rolling machine ▪ Stretching machine [gang] unit ▪ Trawling machine ▪ Sewing machine

    ▪ Bracket stranding machine ▪ Bent strand stranding machine ▪ Net head strand stranding machine ▪ Barbed wire stranding machine

    ▪ Net twisting machine ▪ Big net twisting machine ▪ Whaling twisting machine ▪ Crab cage twisting machine

    ▪ Net lifting machine ▪ Fence lifting machine ▪ Power pulley ▪ Drift-net lifting machine

    ▪ Large net pulling machine ▪ Rolling machine ▪ Netting unit ▪ Mainline starting machine

    ▪ Branch line take-up machine ▪ Main line organizer ▪ Main line pay-off machine ▪ Rope fishing line machine

    ▪ Squid fishing machine ▪ Rod fishing machine ▪ Longline fishing machine ▪ Barbed wire longline combination machine

    ▪ Auxiliary winch ▪ Traction winch ▪ Roller winch ▪ Underwater light winch

    ▪ Net sorter ▪ Fish pump ▪ Drift net vibrating net machine ▪ Fixed net pile driver

    ▪ Ice drilling machine ▪ Under-the-ice cable threader ▪ Side power drum ▪ Three-drum netting machine

    ▪ Tail netting machine ▪ Breeding machinery ▪ Pellet feed forming rate ▪ Pellet feed surface quality

    ▪ Pellet feed float rate ▪ Pellet feed machine productivity ▪ Pellet feed machine production capacity ▪ Pellet density

    ▪ Pellet feed water stability ▪ Oxygen increasing capacity ▪ Oxygen increasing power efficiency ▪ Feed processing machinery

    ▪ Pellet feed pressing machine ▪ Feed beating machine ▪ Rolling screw clam machine ▪ Alpha starch machine

    ▪ Feeding machine ▪ Shotcrete machine ▪ Aquatic grass harvester ▪ Shellfish harvester

    ▪ Water treatment machinery ▪ Water quality improvement machine ▪ Aeration machine ▪ Impeller type aerator

    ▪ Waterwheel type aerator ▪ Jet type aerator ▪ Inflatable aerator ▪ Water purification machine

    ▪ Biological rotary disc purification machine ▪ Biological rotary drum purification machine ▪ Pond digging machine ▪ Dredging machine

    ▪ Underwater dredging machine ▪ Ditch construction machine ▪ Hydraulic digging unit ▪ Mud pump

    ▪ Slurry separator ▪ Fish egg incubator ▪ Live fish transportation equipment ▪ Live fish container

    ▪ Tideland tillage machine ▪ Kelp seedling transplanter ▪ Cage lifting equipment ▪ Cage cleaning equipment

    ▪ Cage sinking and floating equipment ▪ Aquatic product processing machinery ▪ Fish washing machine ▪ Classifier

    ▪ Automatic fish sorting machine ▪ Descaling machine ▪ Deheading machine ▪ Deheading and gutting machine

    ▪ Back-cutting machine ▪ Fish section machine ▪ Fillet machine ▪ Peeling machine

    ▪ Canned production equipment ▪ Sterilization equipment ▪ Fish meat taking machine ▪ Fish meat fine filter

    ▪ Fish flesh conditioning machine ▪ Fish flesh rinsing device ▪ Fish flesh dehydrator ▪ Crusher

    ▪ Chopping machine ▪ Surimi forming machine ▪ Fish roll unit ▪ Automatic filling and binding machine

    ▪ Aquatic product drying equipment ▪ Fish fillet baking machine ▪ Dry fish fillet loosening machine ▪ Frying machine

    ▪ Shrimp machine ▪ Shrimp cleaning machine ▪ Shrimp classifier ▪ Shrimp picking machine

    ▪ Shrimp shelling machine ▪ Shellfish cleaning machine ▪ Shellfish shelling unit ▪ Laver gathering machine

    ▪ Laver cutting and washing machine ▪ Laver cake making machine ▪ Laver dehydration machine ▪ Laver cake drying machine

    ▪ Kelp shredding machine ▪ Algin granulator ▪ Fish crusher ▪ Cooking machine

    ▪ Fish meal presses ▪ Cake press looseners ▪ Fish meal dryers ▪ Horizontal spiral settling centrifuges

    ▪ Fish oil dish centrifuge ▪ Juice vacuum concentration equipment ▪ Wet fish meal processing equipment ▪ Dry fish meal processing equipment

    ▪ Fishmeal deodorizing equipment ▪ Cod liver digestion equipment ▪ Cod liver oil pellet machine ▪ Ice fish separator

    ▪ Refrigeration device ▪ Refrigeration compressor ▪ Condenser ▪ Vapor-liquid separator

    ▪ Liquid separator ▪ Liquid reservoir ▪ Evaporator ▪ Coil evaporator

    ▪ Air cooler ▪ Freezing equipment ▪ [Fast] quick freezing [knot] device ▪ Tunnel type freezing device

    ▪ Spiral belt freezing device ▪ Immersion freezing device ▪ Forced ventilation freezing device ▪ Fluidized bed freezing device

    ▪ Vacuum freeze drying equipment ▪ Contact freezing device ▪ Plate freezing machine ▪ Horizontal plate freezing machine

    ▪ Vertical plate freezing machine ▪ Immersion freezing device ▪ Intermittent freezing device ▪ Ultra-low temperature freezing device

    ▪ Ice packer ▪ Off disk machine ▪ Defrosting equipment ▪ Ice maker

    ▪ Ice making equipment ▪ Ice bucket ▪ Ice making pool ▪ Ice melting tank

    ▪ Ice crusher ▪ Flake ice machine ▪ Tube ice machine ▪ Plate ice machine

    ▪ Shell ice machine ▪ Pellets ice machine ▪ Harvest egg egg drying equipment ▪ Puffing machine

    ▪ Dry puffing machine ▪ Wet puffing machine ▪ Rope mesh machinery ▪ Net weaving machine

    ▪ Double hook type net loom ▪ Winding reel machine ▪ Net knitting machine ▪ Twisting and twisting net knitting machine

    ▪ Winder ▪ Warp knitting machine ▪ Warping machine ▪ Extrusion drawing machine

    ▪ Mesh setting machine ▪ Mesh dyeing machine ▪ Mesh dehydration machine ▪ Rope making machine

    ▪ Rope knitting machine ▪ Compound rope making machine ▪ Carding machine ▪ Twisting machine

    ▪ System making machine ▪ Stock making machine ▪ Wire drawing machine ▪ Fishing equipment

    ▪ Fishing aids ▪ Fish finder ▪ Vertical fish finder ▪ Horizontal fish finder

    ▪ Recording fish finder ▪ Color fish finder ▪ Multi-frequency fish finder ▪ Fish image

    ▪ Transducer ▪ Multi-beam fishing sonar ▪ Color display sonar ▪ Fish detection capability

    ▪ [Cross] Mix [Echo] ringing ▪ Fish counter ▪ Net height meter ▪ Trawl monitor

    ▪ Net position meter ▪ Net port dilatometer ▪ Catch indicator ▪ Traction tension meter

    ▪ Fry counter ▪ Fish ecological monitor ▪ Tide meter ▪ Temperature and salt depth recorder

    ▪ Fish freshness tester ▪ Gill net fishing boat

     



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