Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO


FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Meaning of UN-FAO: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), referred to as FAO, was formally established on October 16, 1945. And international organizations on agricultural issues. Its purpose is to improve the nutritional level and living standards of the people, improve the production and distribution of agricultural products, improve the economic situation of rural areas and farmers, promote the development of the world economy and ensure that human beings are free from hunger. 

The organization is headquartered in Rome, Italy, and currently has 194 member countries, 1 member organization (European Union) and 2 associate members (Faroe Islands, Tokelau Islands).

In May 1943, according to US President F. D. Roosevelt's initiative convened a food and agriculture conference in 44 countries in the United States, and decided to set up an FAO Preparatory Committee to formulate an FAO charter. 

On October 16, 1945, FAO was officially established in Quebec, Canada, and became a specialized agency of the United Nations on December 14, 1946.

On March 11, 2014, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations stated that global food production must increase by 60% by the middle of the 21st century, otherwise it will face severe food shortages, which will lead to social unrest and civil war.

On January 18, 2016, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations issued a report saying that, due to drought and rain, resulting in poor food harvests, Southern Africa may suffer famine in 2016, affecting 14 million people.


UN Organization Name:    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Abbreviated:    FAO

Headquarter location:    Rome, Italy

Established:    October 16, 1945

Publications:    Annual Report "The State of Food and Agriculture"
Current Director General:    Qu Dongyu


    What is the History of FAO?

    Food and Agriculture Organization History: The establishment of the Food and Agriculture Organization preceded the United Nations itself. After the outbreak of World War II, on the initiative of the then US President Roosevelt, representatives of 45 countries held the Allied Food and Agriculture Conference in Hot Springs, Virginia, USA from May 18 to June 3, 1943. 

    Meeting Decision

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    established a permanent international organization on food and agriculture, and drafted the "Food and Agriculture Organization Charter". 

    On October 16, 1945, the 1st Congress of the Food and Agriculture Organization was held in Quebec City, Canada.

    Representatives from 45 countries attended the meeting, and this day was determined to be the day the organization was established.

    By the end of the 1st Congress on November 1, 42 countries had become founding members. An agreement was signed with the United Nations on December 16, 1946, thus officially becoming a specialized agency of the United Nations.

     By the end of 1985, there were 158 member countries. China is one of the founding members of the organization. 

    In 1973, the People ’s Republic of China ’s legal seat in the organization was restored and it has been a member since the 17th General Assembly held in the same year.

    The highest authority of the organization is the General Assembly, held once every two years. The permanent body is the Council, which is elected by the General Assembly as the independent chairman and member of the Council. 

    By the end of 1985, there were 9 offices under the council including planning, finance, constitution and legal affairs, commodities, fishery, forestry, agriculture, world food security, and plant genetic resources.

     The executive body of the organization is the Secretariat, and its executive head is the Director General. 
    The Secretariat consists of the Office of the Director General and 7 economic and technical affairs departments. The headquarters has been relocated to Rome, Italy since 1951.

    In addition, it has regional offices in five regions including Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, the Near East and Europe. Geneva) has separate liaison offices.
    Logo and Seal of Food and Agriculture Organization

    What is the Purpose of FAO?

    The purpose of Food and Agriculture Organization is to: 

    • Guarantee the warm and saturated living standards of people in all countries
    • Improve the production and distribution efficiency of all grain and agricultural products
    • Improve the living conditions of rural population
    • Promote the development of rural economy
    • Finally eliminate hunger and poverty


    The governments of member states exercise their power through the General Assembly and the Council. The biennial conference is the highest authority for member states to exercise decision-making power. 

    The main responsibilities of the General Assembly are to elect the Director-General, accept new members, approve the work plan and budget, elect members, amend the charter and rules, and make decisions on other major issues for the Secretariat to implement.

    During the adjournment of the conference, the 49-member board of directors will deal with and decide on related issues within the scope of powers conferred by the conference. 

    There are 8 committees under the Council: Planning, Finance, Regulations, Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry, Commodity Issues and World Food Security Committee. Since the restoration of my legal seat in FAO in 1973, China has been a member of the organization.

    Under the leadership of the Director-General, FAO is responsible for the implementation of the resolutions of the Conference and the Council, as well as the daily work. FAO has a total of 4,300 employees worldwide, including 2,300 at the headquarters. The FAO budget for 1998-1999 is US $ 650 million.

    FAO has 5 regional offices in Asia Pacific, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Near East, Europe, etc., and 4 liaison offices in Washington, New York, Brussels, and Tokyo, respectively. Also, in North America, the United Nations, the European Union, and Japan. 

    There are also 5 subregional offices in Southern and Eastern Africa, Pacific Island, Caribbean, North America, Central and Eastern Europe. 

    In addition, FAO also has 74 country representative offices responsible for handling daily affairs with more than 100 countries.
    There are currently 194 member states, 1 member organization (European Union) and 2 associate members (Faroe Islands, Tokelau Islands)


    What is the working history or deeds of the FAO?

    2007 All 119 countries of the FAO Fisheries Commission unanimously adopted recommendations in Rome on the development of a legally binding measure to curb illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activities that severely affect the economy, society, biology and environment.

    2006

    FAO launched its high-tech crisis management center to respond to bird flu and other animal health or food safety emergencies. The center monitors the outbreak and dispatches experts to any hot spot in the world within 48 hours.

    Representatives of 96 member countries of FAO jointly issued a statement at the International Conference on Land Reform and Rural Development held in Brazil, recognizing the role of land reform and agricultural development in sustainable development.

    2005

    The celebration ceremony of the 60th anniversary of the founding of FAO was solemnly held. Heads of government, ministers and other senior officials from all over the world participated in the ceremony.

    The Director General Dr. Jacques Diouf was elected for the third time for a term of 6 years. The FAO Conference approved the continuation of reforms, including the further decentralization of personnel.

    2004

    In 2004 FAO announces the official entry into force of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, a legally binding treaty that encourages the development of equitable sharing of genetic material and its benefits among plant breeders, farmers and public and private research institutions Sustainable agriculture.

    2002

    2002 World Food Summit: Five years later: Delegations from 179 countries and the European Commission attended, reaffirming the international community ’s commitment to halve hungry people by 2015.

    2001

    In 2001 the FAO Conference adopted the legally binding International Treaty on Plant Genetics for Food and Agriculture, which provides support to the work of breeders and farmers everywhere.

    2000

    2000 At the request of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, FAO developed a strategy for joint action by the government and United Nations agencies to eliminate chronic hunger in the Horn of Africa.

    1999

    In 1999 the FAO Fisheries Commission adopted several action plans on fishing capacity, sharks and seabirds.

    1998

    1998 A legally binding convention promoted by FAO to regulate the trade in pesticides and other hazardous chemicals was adopted in Rotterdam.

    1997

    1997 FAO launches campaign to fight hunger TV Food Funding TV Food Funding 97 has a global audience of 500 million people.

    1996

    In November 1996, FAO hosted the World Food Summit, attended by 186 heads of state or government and other senior officials, to discuss world hunger and fight it.

    1995

    In 1995 FAO celebrates its 50th anniversary.

    1994

    FAO launched the Special Plan for Food Security (SPFS), targeting low-income food-deficit countries (LIFDCs).

    The Emergency Prevention System for Transboundary Animal and Plant Pests and Diseases (EMPRES) has been established, which strengthens the Organization’s work in prevention, control and eradication of pests and diseases when possible.

    FAO began its most significant structural adjustment since its inception, decentralized implementation activities, simplified procedures and reduced costs.

    1991

    In 1991 the International Plant Protection Convention with 92 signatories is approved.

    1986

    1986 As the world's most comprehensive source of agricultural information and statistics, the agricultural statistics database AGROSTAT (now FAOSTAT) is operational.

    1981

    On October 16, 1981, more than 150 countries celebrated the first World Food Day.

    1980

    1980 FAO signs 56 agreements to appoint FAO representatives in developing member countries.

    1978

    In 1978 the 8th World Forestry Congress was held in Jakarta, Indonesia, with the theme of "Forests benefit the people", which had a profound impact on forestry development and FAO's work in this sector.

    1976

    In 1976 FAO established the FAO Technical Cooperation Program to respond more flexibly to emergencies.

    1974

    In 1974 the United Nations World Food Conference in Rome recommended the adoption of the "International Agreement on World Food Security".

    1962

    In 1962 the FAO / WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission established to establish international food standards begins its work.

    1960

    In 1960  FAO launched the Freedom from Hunger Campaign to mobilize support from non-governmental agencies.

    1951

    In 951 FAO headquarters moved from Washington, DC, to Rome, Italy.

    1945

    In 1945, the first session of the FAO Conference is held in Quebec, Canada, and FAO is designated as a specialized agency of the United Nations.

    1943

    In 1943, at a meeting held in Hot Springs, Virginia, the United States, 44 governments decided to create a permanent organization on food and agriculture.

    What is the Organization System of FAO?

    Food and Agriculture Organization System:
    Main function

    The main functions of FAO are:

    (1) Collect, collate, analyze and disseminate world grain and agricultural production and trade information.
    (2) Provide technical assistance to member countries, mobilize the international community to invest, and implement agricultural development projects of international development and financial institutions.
    (3) Provide advisory services to member countries on food and agriculture policies and plans.
    (4) Discuss major issues in the field of international food and agriculture, formulate relevant international codes of conduct and regulations, negotiate and formulate international standards and agreements in the field of food and agriculture, and strengthen consultation and cooperation among member countries.

    The Organization System of FAO

    (1) Assembly: 

    • The highest authority, responsible for reviewing the status of world food and agriculture
    • Studying major international food and agriculture issues
    • Electing and appointing the Director-General
    • Electing the members of the Council and the independent chairman of the Council
    • Approving the admission of new members
    • Approving the work plan and budget
    • Revising Regulations and rules, etc.


    It held every two years, with all member states participating.

    (2) Council: It belongs to the General Assembly, and handles and decides related issues within the scope of the powers conferred by the General Assembly during the adjournment of the General Assembly.
    It is composed of 49 member countries elected by the General Assembly according to the principle of regional distribution. Re-elect 1/3.
    It requires to hold at least 4 meetings during the two regular sessions of the General Assembly.

    (3) Secretariat: The executive body, responsible for implementing the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly and the Council, and handling daily work. 

    The person in charge is the Director General, elected by the General Assembly for a term of 4 years, under the supervision of the General Assembly and the Council to lead the work of the Secretariat. The Secretariat has 8 departments under the heading of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, Economic and Social Development, Forestry and Fisheries and Aquaculture, Integrated Services, Human Resources and Finance, Natural Resources Management and Environment, and Technical Cooperation. 

    They are located in Asia-Pacific, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. , The Near East and Europe have offices in 5 regions, and 11 sub-regional offices, 5 liaison offices and 74 country representative offices. 

    MLA

    In the early days, FAO focused on the intelligence and information work of food production and trade. 
    In the future, the focus will gradually shift to helping developing countries formulate agricultural development policies and strategies and provide technical assistance to developing countries.

    1. Strengthen world food security

    In response to the tight food supply and soaring prices in the international market in the early 1970s.

    FAO at the 17th Congress in 1973 proposed a world food security policy centering on the establishment of international food reserves and ensuring food supply. Then, at the World Food Conference in 1974, the International Agreement on World Food Security was adopted, with the support of developed and developing countries. 

    FAO established the World Food Security Committee, which holds an annual meeting to review the state of world food security and discuss policies and measures to improve world food security. 

    After taking office in 1994, Mr. Diouf decided to shift the focus of FAO’s work to help low-income food-deficit countries increase agricultural output and enhance food security. 

    In 1994, FAO established a "special action plan" to help low-income food-deficit countries improve food security.

    In order to accelerate the realization of global food security, FAO held the World Food Summit in 1996, and countries committed to halving the world ’s 800 million hungry and malnourished people by 2015.

    2. Promote environmental protection and sustainable development

    With the increasing pressure of population growth, the further development of agriculture and the continuous improvement of intensification, and the rapid development of urbanization and industrialization, the pressure on agricultural resources and the environment will be increasing. How to protect the environment and enhance food security is an issue that has increasingly attracted the attention of governments.
    Therefore, FAO regards strengthening resources and environmental protection and achieving sustainable development of agriculture as its future priorities.

    3. Promote agricultural technology cooperation

    Since l976, FAO has established a "technical cooperation plan", which allocates 14% from its regular budget, and later requests to increase it to 17% as a technical cooperation fund to provide small, much-needed technical assistance to developing countries. 

    Although the scale of this kind of assistance is small (usually no more than 250,000 US dollars), the procedures are simple and the results are quick, which is welcomed by the majority of developing countries. 

    In addition, FAO has set up a "Technical Cooperation Program among Developing Countries" to focus on strengthening agricultural technology exchanges and cooperation among developing countries and promote the further development of its agriculture.

    What is the main mission of FAO?

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    implements plans to provide funding and technical advice for agricultural development, collect, analyze, and disseminate information on nutrition, food, and agriculture, provide policy and planning advice to member governments, and organize member governments to discuss world food and agriculture issues. 

    The organization's activities are divided into "normal plan" and "field plan". The former refers to the organization and management work carried out at headquarters and regional offices mainly relying on Member States’ contributions (called the regular budget), and the latter refers to the donations (called special budgets) from international agencies or countries such as the UN Development Programme Aid activities carried out by a region or member country.

    In addition, a small amount of administrative budget funds was established in 1976 to establish a technical cooperation plan (TCP), which is directly used to provide economic and technical assistance to developing countries.

    One of the business organizations of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Forestry Department.

    Founded in 1970, its predecessor was the Forestry and Forest Products Division established in 1964. There are agencies such as Forest Resources Division, Forest Industry Division, Policy and Planning Section and Implementation Section. The main tasks are:

    i. To formulate forestry strategic objectives for the UN Food and Agriculture Organization

    ii. To propose the work plan and budget of the Forestry Division

    iii. To provide advice on various professional policies or thematic issues in the forestry field

    iv. To promote international and regional forestry issues through government channels Reach agreement and take corresponding international action

    v. Maintain contact and cooperation with member governments and other international agencies and organizations in forestry and forest industry.

    vi. Cooperate with other departments within the Food and Agriculture Organization on issues of common concern.

    vii. Provide advice or economic assistance on the development and management of forest harvesting, transportation and wood processing.

    viii. Responsible for promoting long-term integrated forest management and development of forest resources, providing assistance to the planning, construction and management of plantations in member countries.

    Also, establishing appropriate agriculture and forestry System to enable forestry to serve crops and livestock production. 

    Also provide consultation, training or assistance to wildlife, national park planning, environmental protection, forestry education, forestry laws, etc. 

    Publish forestry such as "Yearbook of Forest Products" and "United Nations Afforestation" publication.

    What are the Sources of Funds of FAO?

    Member States pay dues and voluntary contributions. 
    FAO’s overall work plan is funded by assessed contributions and voluntary contributions. Member States’ assessed contributions include the regular budget determined by the biennial FAO Conference. 

    Voluntary contributions from members and other partners are used to provide technical and emergency (including recovery) assistance, to support the clear objectives set by governments related to the results framework, and directly to support the core work of FAO. 

    FAO’s regular budget for the 2014-2015 biennium was US $ 2.4 billion, of which 41% came from assessed contributions paid by member countries and the remaining 59% came from voluntary contributions from members and other partners. 

    What are the Construction Achievements of FAO?

    Main Activities

    1. To provide member countries with analytical information and statistical information on the world food situation, and make recommendations to the Council and the General Assembly on important policies in the world’s food and agriculture sector.


    2. Help developing countries to study and formulate overall plans for the development of agriculture, seek assistance and loans from multilateral aid agencies and developed countries according to the plans, and organize various aid projects.

    3. Through the analysis of the international agricultural product market situation and the organization of quality predictions, intergovernmental consultations are organized to promote the international trade of agricultural products.

    4. Organize agricultural technology exchanges by providing materials, holding various professional meetings, holding training courses, and providing expert consultations to promote new technologies.

    5. As a third party to find a donor country for a recipient country to form a trust fund with FAO, recipient country and donor country as a tripartite.

    On June 10-13, 2002, the five-year retrospective meeting of the World Food Summit was held in Rome, Italy. 

    Thousands of representatives from 183 countries and 27 agencies of the United Nations system attended the meeting. Among them, heads of state and government of 71 countries led delegations. The meeting adopted a declaration entitled "International Alliance against Hunger".

    Four Areas

    1. Access to information: FAO has played the role of a think tank, using our staff-agronomists, forestry workers, fisheries and animal husbandry experts, nutritionists, social scientists, economists, statisticians and other professions.

    The professional knowledge of the personnel collects and analyzes information that contributes to development. 
    Every month, 1 million people visit the FAO Internet site to check technical documents or learn about our work with farmers. 

    They also publish hundreds of newsletters, reports and books, distribute a small number of magazines, produce many CD-ROMs and host dozens of electronic forums.

    2. Share knowledge: FAO provides member countries with years of experience in designing agricultural policies and plans, formulating effective laws, and formulating national strategies to achieve rural development and poverty alleviation goals.

    3. Provide venues: On any given day, dozens of policy makers and experts from all over the world meet at the headquarters or our field offices to reach consensus on major food and agricultural issues. 

    As a neutral forum, FAO provides an atmosphere where rich and poor countries can come together to reach consensus. 

    On any given day, dozens of policy makers and experts from all over the world meet at headquarters or our field offices to reach consensus on major food and agricultural issues.

    As a neutral forum, FAO provides an atmosphere where rich and poor countries can come together to reach consensus.

    4. Send knowledge: FAO's profound knowledge is tested in thousands of projects around the world. 

    To ensure that these projects meet their goals, FAO has raised and managed millions of dollars from industrialized countries, development banks and other sources. 

    FAO provides technical know-how and in a few cases has also become a source of limited funding. In the event of a crisis, we work side by side with the World Food Programme and other humanitarian agencies to protect the livelihoods of rural people and help them rebuild their homes.

    Bioenergy

    The 2.4 billion poorest people on the planet use fuelwood and residue as their main energy sources, and they have limited access to energy services through sustainable raw materials.
    Biomass energy is expected to play an important role in the future global energy supply. 

    People do not know much about the social, economic, and environmental impacts of bioenergy and their internal links to food safety. 

    So far, no comprehensive attempts have been made on complex technical, policy and institutional arrangements. 

    It is necessary to obtain relevant information and tools to ensure that the promotion of bioenergy becomes a new source of energy, while exploring its potential to contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.

    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has four main areas of practice in bio-energy.
    It collects and publishes information about:

    • Bioenergy products
    • Trade
    • Utilization


    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has been working to improve its business model. 

    The goal is to enhance the competitiveness of the rural agricultural industry through the use of bioenergy. 

    The organization has developed an updated energy manual for training agricultural and forestry extension personnel. 

    In addition, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has also produced: 

    • An interactive wood energy database based on national fuel wood, charcoal and black liquid oil production, trade and consumption, covering about 200 countries.
    • A standard wood energy terminology system for searching wood fuel Related terminology (including other bioenergy fuels).
    • "Guide to Wood Fuel Survey" to assist countries and regions to conduct fuel wood charcoal products, trade and consumption surveys; overall plan for the comprehensive supply and demand of wood fuel, one for the formulation of national and regional wood energy policies Geostatistical strategic planning method. 


    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is also conducting a study on the agricultural energy needs of selected African countries.


    FAO Africa

    Technical assistance to Member States

    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has developed programmes to provide Member States with advisory services on the formulation and implementation of bioenergy policies, strategies, projects and plans.

    Financial estimation of carbon required for bioenergy development
    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations obeyed the proposal of the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change regarding the eligibility of agricultural and bioenergy behaviors in compliance with the Kyoto Protocol Cleaner Production Mechanism. The organization has published three reports to analyze the carbon market.

    Cooperation with countries, regions and international organizations

    Cooperation with many intergovernmental organizations, such as:

    • The International Energy Agency
    • IEA Bioenergy Division
    • World Bank
    • Latin American Energy Organization
    • African Development Bank
    • International Energy Council
    • International Development Bank
    • Global Environment Facility
    • Africa
    • Asia-Pacific and Caribbean Economic Commission



    Cooperation with the Research and Development Center includes: 
    • The German Natural Recycling Materials Professional Association
    • Australia’s International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
    • The Imperial College in the United Kingdom
    • Joanna Research in Australia
    • Shenyang in China
    • San Carlos in the Philippines
    • The National University of Automation in Mexico
    • Utrecht University in the Netherlands and WIP in Germany


    At the same time cooperation with:

    • The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
    • The Department of Economic and Social Affairs
    • United Nations Development Program


    Starving

    The United Nations Environment Programme, the United Nations Environment Programme, UNESCO, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and other organizations or parts of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization also cooperate. 

    Collaboration between various disciplines and departments has been a source of strength for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 

    Strategies, ideas, and projects achieve maximum success when participants are involved early in the plan and long-term motivations are discovered and specified. 

    The failure is largely because a single project has not received the commitment of all key departments and participants, and has not linked the long-term development strategies of various fields and countries.

    The sustainable development of forest energy and poverty planning among various sectors in Southeast Asia is a recent example of collaboration. This work exemplifies the application of geostatistics in the overall planning of wood fuel supply and demand in the production of highly relevant products to guide subnational policy development and project development.

    Other projects that reflect the characteristics of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations include: 

    • Assistance in the preparation of the Niger Government’s National Plan for Renewable Energy Behavior. 
    • The production of Mexico’s first national bioenergy assessment in cooperation with Mexican institutions.


    Asia Pacific Conference of FAO

    May 19, 2008-The 27th Asia-Pacific Regional Ministerial Conference of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization opens in Beijing on the afternoon of the 19th. 

    President Hu Jintao attended the opening ceremony and delivered a speech. 

    He pointed out that agriculture is a strategic industry for Antian. "We should attach great importance, strengthen cooperation, and work together to continuously improve the overall level of agricultural development in the Asia-Pacific region and lay a more solid foundation for accelerating development in the region and improving the living standards of people in various countries."

    In his speech, Hu Jintao first congratulated the Chinese government and the Chinese people on convening the congress. He pointed out that agriculture has a very important basic role in ensuring economic and social development, improving people's lives, and maintaining social stability. China is a large agricultural production country.


    FAO Meeting

    Product consumer country. Solving China's agricultural problems is not only critical to China's economic development and social stability, but also of great significance to economic development and food security in the region and the world. 

    The Chinese government always attaches great importance to the development of agriculture and insists on putting agriculture on the basis of the national economy. 

    China has successfully solved the problem of food and clothing for 1.3 billion people relying on its own efforts. They regard solving the problems of agriculture, rural areas, and farmers as the top priority of the country’s work.

    They further strengthen the foundation of agriculture, promote the adjustment of agricultural and rural economic structures, and increase support for agricultural development in accordance with the requirements of overall urban and rural development.

    They strengthen the construction of rural infrastructure and promote the growth of farmers' income to further create a new situation in agriculture and rural development.

    Hu Jintao pointed out that the Asia-Pacific region should further promote the overall development of the region’s agriculture and rural economy, and make unremitting efforts to prosper the countryside, affluent farmers, and eliminate poverty.

    It should actively carry out in the spirit of seeking common ground while reserving differences, mutual respect, mutual learning and mutual benefit. It should also carry out Exchanges and cooperation in the field of agriculture. 

    Further opening up, lower tariffs, and elimination of barriers should be further promoted to promote common interests. 
    China will further expand the opening of agriculture to the outside world and actively develop cooperation with other countries in the agricultural field.

    In particular, it will focus on exploring and developing new areas, new ways and new ways to strengthen cooperation with countries in the region to achieve mutually beneficial and win-win results. 
    Benefit the people of all countries in the region.

    Hu Jintao said that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has played an important role in promoting the food production, agriculture and rural development of United Nations members, and has made important contributions in helping developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region to improve their food security and promote agricultural development.

    He stated that the Chinese government is willing to further strengthen cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 

    It is understood that the topics discussed and exchanged at this conference include the status of rice in the sustainable development of agriculture in the Asia-Pacific region, the impact of climate change on agriculture in the Asia-Pacific region, and the strategies and policies for rural development and food security of countries in the region. 

    The ministerial delegations of 35 Asia-Pacific member countries of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization and representatives of relevant agencies of the United Nations system attended the meeting.

    Relations with China

    China is one of the founding countries of the organization. FAO attaches great importance to China's role in the world's agricultural sector and highly appreciates China's rural reform and agricultural development achievements.

    In June 2002, Vice Premier Wen Jiabao of the State Council led a Chinese government delegation to participate in the five-year review meeting of the World Food Summit. 

    At the conference, Vice Premier Wen Jiabao expounded the basic position and proposition of the Chinese government on solving food problems and achieving food security.

    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations established a representative office in Beijing in January 1983.

    On the morning of April 28, 1998, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations presented President Jiang Zemin with the "Farmer Medal" (Agricola Medal) in the Great Hall of the People in recognition of his contribution to developing world agriculture and promoting global food security.

    On October 2, 2012, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations presented the "Farmer" medal to Premier Wen Jiabao of the State Council in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

    China is one of the founding member countries of FAO. Since resuming its seat in the organization in 1973, it has been a member of the Council and has always maintained good cooperative relations with FAO.

    FAO actively supports rural reform and agricultural development in China. Since 1978, FAO has implemented more than 200 aid projects in China, with a total amount of more than 60 million US dollars. 

    FAO also used its technical advantages to implement the World Bank, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the United Nations Food Programme, and the United Nations Development Program. Department's aid projects to China.

    At the same time, China has also actively fulfilled its obligations as a member and extensively participated in and supported FAO activities. China's contribution to FAO is ranked sixth among member countries. China actively participates in South-South cooperation under the framework of FAO's "Special Plan for Food Security". 

    By the end of 2012, China had sent nearly 1,000 agricultural experts and technicians to 25 countries in Asia, Africa, the South Pacific and the Caribbean, covering fields such as planting, animal husbandry, aquaculture, agricultural machinery, horticulture, and agricultural product processing.

    In May 2004, China and FAO jointly hosted the 27th FAO Asia Pacific Regional Conference in Beijing. 
    In 2006, China became the chairman of two subcommittees on pesticide residues and food additives in the International Food Code. 

    In September 2008, Premier Wen Jiabao announced at the high-level meeting of the UN Millennium Development Goals that he would donate US $ 30 million to FAO to establish a special trust fund for projects and activities to help developing countries increase agricultural production capacity. 

    In March 2009, the two sides signed the "General Agreement on Trust Funds between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the People's Republic of China" in Beijing, and officially launched relevant cooperation.

    From early 2009 to the end of June 2011, FAO appointed He Changhui, the former Assistant Director-General and Asia-Pacific Regional Representative, as Deputy Director-General. He Changhui is the highest-ranking Chinese in international agricultural institutions. The representative in China is Vincent Martin (French nationality).

    Who is the Current Director General of FAO?

    On June 23, 2019, Qu Dongyu was elected as the new Director General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, becoming the first Chinese Director General in the history of the organization.

    Who were the Previous Director-Generals of FAO?

    1. John Boyd Orr British nationality October 1945-April 1948
    2. Norris Edward Dodd (Norris Edward Dodd) American citizen April 1948-December 1953
    3. Philip V. Cardon, American, January 1954-April 1956
    Acting Herbert Broadley (Herbert Broadley) British nationality April 1956-November 1956
    4. Binay Ranjan Sen (Binay Ranjan Sen), Indian, November 1956-December 1967
    5, Addeke Hendrik Boerma (Addeke Hendrik Boerma) Dutch nationality January 1968-December 1975
    6. Edouard Victor Saouma, Lebanese, January 1976-December 1993
    7, Jacques Diouf (Jacques Diouf) Senegalese January 1994-December 2011
    8. Jose Graziano Da Silva (American, Italian, Brazilian) January 2012-June 2019
    9. Qu Dongyu (Qu Dongyu) Chinese nationality August 2019-present 

    United Nations-Main Organizations

    ▪ International Labour Organization (1946)
     ▪ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1946)
    ▪ United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (1946) 
    ▪ World Health Organization (1948)
    ▪ World Bank 
    ▪ International Monetary Fund (1947)
    ▪ International Civil Aviation Organization (1947)
     ▪ International Maritime Organization
    ▪ International Telecommunication Union (1947) 
    ▪ Universal Postal Union (1978)
    ▪ World Meteorological Organization (1951) 
    ▪ World Intellectual Property Organization (1974)
    ▪ International Atomic Energy Agency (1957)



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